1. Set study goals
Why are you studying? Is it your dream education towards your dream job? Are you studying a "good" and broad education? Are you not sure yet, do you just want to get through it? What is the goal with your studying? It makes it easier to see the overview and maybe to see what's at the end of the tunnel. Do you have a goal just after this course too? Maybe just knowing that you have something fun planned when this course is over can be a trigger?
2. Study plan/routine
Now when you know what your goals are, how can a study plan help you reach them? We all have lots of things we want to do outside of school, so by planning ahead you won't have the same stress towards the end. One of my teacher's here in Paris asked us to review our class in the evening and since she always asked us about last week's topic I usually tried to skim through the content the evening before class as well. Already here I had reviewed this class two times, many many weeks before exam. Just by reading through your notes from class in the evening you've gotten a fast and easy update and reminder. Making it easier to remember what the content of class later on, when studying for an exam for instance.
3. Take a break
As an opposite to being well prepared, but how many times towards the end of a class do you sit for many hours straight struggling to learn? Take a break! Even though it's good to get a flow and not to get distracted, but you won't learn efficiently without breaks. Our concentration only goes so far and a small break can help productivity and improve your focus. Go for a walk or to the gym, call a friend or just get something to drink.
If you've followed my blog for a while, or if you know me, it is obvious that attitude is key for me. I always try to stay as positive as I can and I really dislike negativity, especially when someone tries to rub theirs off on me. Anyway, by having positive thoughts in mind, thinking "I can" and about what will come out of you studying, you can work more efficiently towards your goal. Information will get stuck more easily as well, since you're open to learn.
5. Get a study partner?
People feel differently about this matter. Some feel it is great to be able to discuss and get help from others if things are unclear. Others feel that it takes focus from the studying and that it's easy to talk about other things instead. This can differ between courses as well, but try it out and see what works best for you.
When you've finally sat down to study it's very annoying to get disturbed by notifications from social medias etc. It can totally ruin your study flow and it's just unnecessary. I am very bad at this myself actually! I always turn my phone on silent, but I usually check what's going on if my phone flashes. However, if I have a flow or if I'm in a rush to finish something, I will leave the phone alone. But, I know a lot of my friends always turn their iPhone's on the "moon" mode, where you have no sound, no buzz and the screen will not flash for notifications. This is a great way to force yourself to study. You can set it to turn off this mode in for instance 1 hour.
This might sound cringy, but if you're have an intense study session, drink water to stay focused longer. It keeps your brain functioning, making it easier to take the information in.